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Flower of salt


Flos Salis


Flower of salt



Salt marshes, Extreme environment with high salt content




OESF™, an extract of salt flower with adaptive mechanisms and relaxing properties

Salt flower comes from ecosystems in which halophilic micro-organisms and microalgae live (likes salty environments). These organisms have developed various adaptation mechanisms to thrive in this saline stress environment by accumulating large quantities of salt close to saturation and thus preventing water loss by osmosis or by accumulating specific photosynthetic pigments.

In his book "Natural History", published around 77, Pliny the Elder already mentioned the virtues of the salt flower (Flos salis): "This salt flower produces a kind of oil as surprising as it may seem (Optimo ex eo, quod olei quamdam pinguitudinem reddit. Est enim etiam in dirty pinguitudo, quod miremu). There is even fat in the salt! " He exclaimed. Pliny the Elder adds that it has no nutritional value but is soothing, (relaxing), stimulating and can remedy fatigue (psychostimulant) "solvit in vino et aqua, acopis et smegmatis utilis" (Volume 31 of 37 volumes, chapter XLII).

Our scientific studies on the oily extract of Flos salis, OESF™, have shown what Pliny the Elder had already observed, since this extract induces the synthesis of β-endorphin, commonly called the hormone of happiness and well-being.

For more information on this subject

  • Chuong, C & Smith, E & Tsong, Yi. (1989). Beta-endorphin levels in the human menstrual cycle. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica. 68. 497-501. 10.1111/j.1600-0412.1989.tb07825.x.
  • Darsshen, Kathirasan & Ramana, Darsshen. (2021). ENDORPHINS EFFECT ON PAIN.
  • Grimaud J-A., Gutierrez G., (2007). Cosmetic and dermatological compositions based on algae extracts. EP2139503B1 & WO2007085946A2.
  • Gutierrez G., Serrar M., Viornery L,. (1998). Pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food compositions for stimulating synthesis of pro-opiomelanocortin and its derivatives e.g. beta-endorphin, useful for treating e.g. inflammatory disorders. FR2774292A1
  • Gutierrez G., Serrar M., (2008). Therapeutic compositions designed for treating depression. EP2198874B1 & EP2198874A1.
  • Jain, Anand & Mishra, Aditya & Shakkarpude, Jyotsana & Lakhani, Preeti. (2019). Beta endorphins: The natural opioids. 7. 323-332.
  • Merenlender-Wagner A, Dikshtein Y, Yadid G. The beta-endorphin role in stress-related psychiatric disorders. Curr Drug Targets. 2009 Nov;10(11):1096-108. doi: 10.2174/138945009789735147. PMID: 19702553.
  • Oren A. A hundred years of Dunaliella research: 1905–2005. Saline Systems. 2005;1:2. doi:10.1186/1746-1448-1-2.
  • Pahl, S.L., Lewis, D.M., King, K.D. et al. Heterotrophic growth and nutritional aspects of the diatom Cyclotella cryptica (Bacillariophyceae): effect of nitrogen source and concentration. J Appl Phycol 24, 301–307 (2012).
  • Ramos, A. A., Polle, J., Tran, D., Cushman, J. C., Jin, E.-S., & Varela, J. C. (2011). The unicellular green alga Dunaliella salina Teod. as a model for abiotic stress tolerance: genetic advances and future perspectives. ALGAE, 26(1), 3–20.
  • Seuring, Carolin & Verasdonck, Joeri & Gath, Julia & Ghosh, Dhimam & Nespovitaya, Nadezhda & Wälti, Marielle & Maji, Samir & Cadalbert, Riccardo & Güntert, Peter & Meier, Beat & Riek, Roland. (2020). The three-dimensional structure of human β-endorphin amyloid fibrils. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology. 27. 1-7. 10.1038/s41594-020-00515-z.
  • Shrihari, Tg. (2020). Beta endorphins - molecules of therapeutics. The European Research Journal. 10.18621/eurj.535785.
  • Shrihari, Tg. (2020). Beta Endorphin-Healing Potential. Gerontology & Geriatrics Studies. 6. 10.31031/GGS.2020.06.000635.
  • Wintzen, Marjolein & Yaar, Mina & Peter H. Burbach, J & Gilchrest, Barbara. (1996). Proopiomelanocortin Gene Product Regulation in Keratinocytes. The Journal of investigative dermatology. 106. 673-8. 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12345496.
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